There are many different understandings of legitimacy. We use this word when talking about governments. A democratically-elected president is called legitimate because they were elected by the people. A king or queen can also be considered legitimate because he or she has inherited the crown from their parents. (See Chapter 7 for Legitimacy Exercise)

But, in our community-based monitoring program, legitimacy means that different groups unite together and support the right of the community to monitor infrastructure projects. In order for us to successfully conduct our program, we need the support of the following people:

1) Community members and representative bodies, e.g. village shura, CDC shura

2) Community workers, e.g. Focal Points

3) Government officials, e.g. provincial line departments, provincial governor, ministries

4) Donors, e.g. funders of projects, funders of the monitoring program

This chapter thus, deals with the challenges and practice of mobilization and building networks with these different groups. Monitoring of infrastructure, public services, or sectors like mining can only be effective if the monitoring program is considered legitimate by the abovementioned factors.

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