What is Data?
A piece of data could be anything, for example, it could be the GPS location of a school or the number of students studying in that school. But one piece of data is not enough to have a clear picture of what you are monitoring.
Data is something you have to PRODUCE, for example, through asking questions, observation, measuring and using tools such as surveys and checklists. Data is not collected, but rather produced. Data does not just exist in space waiting to be collected. Instead we design the measurment tools and define the parameters that determine what data will be produced. This means that data production can be extremely biased or distorted, if the tools are not developed in the right manner.
Data is divided into two big categories: